Scoliosis and Kyphosis

Scoliosis is defined as a lateral (side) curvature of the spine that may occur in children or adults; a related condition, kyphosis, is a (usually convex) curvature of the spine that causes hunchback and other degrees of spinal distress depending upon the degree of the curve and location on the spine. There are many types of these disorders (e.g., lordosis), as well as both non-surgical and surgical treatment for the pain and other adverse effects of the conditions.

Scoliosis may cause back pain, abnormal gait, uneven hips and different leg lengths for adolescents, and even more severe symptoms when found in adults. More information about Scoliosis and Kyphosis, specifically Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Degenerative Scoliosis, and Kyphosis, may be found on their respective pages.

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darryl-antonoacci-tnTogether Dr. Betz and Dr. Antonacci have a combined 50+ years of experience, offering cutting edge surgical techniques, such as growth modulation surgery and muscle sparing fusion surgery, both of which drastically reduce blood loss, shorten hospital stays, and provide much faster recoveries.
M. Darryl Antonacci, MD
Chief Spine Surgeon & Director
Specialist in Pediatric & Adult Spine
Randal R. Betz, MD
Spine Surgeon
Specialist in Pediatric Spine

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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a lateral (side) curvature of the spine that can occur in children aged 10 to maturity. The spine may curve to the left or right. Sometimes AIS starts at puberty or during an adolescent growth spurt. Definitions, symptoms, pain management and treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis are discussed below. Idiopathic [read more]

Degenerative Scoliosis

Scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, is a condition many people associate only with adolescents – but adult scoliosis is defined as abnormal curvature of the spine in a patient over the age of 18 and is classified as adult degenerative (de novo) scoliosis. Definitions, symptoms, pain management and treatment of Degenerative Scoliosis are discussed [read more]


Kyphosis, a particular type of spinal disorder, is a curving of the spine that causes a bowing or rounding of the back, which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture. Types of kyphosis (e.g., lordosis), pain management and other treatment for kyphosis may be found below. Defining Kyphosis When looked at from the side (i.e., [read more]

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Scoliosis Research Society National Board of Medical Examiners AOSpine Europe Consumers Research Council of America


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